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Gramatica timpuri
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PRESENT SIMPLE i9q13ql
· Se foloseste prezentul simplu pentru a vorbi despre fapte care sunt in general adevarate si rutine in special cand specificam cat de des.
Ex: The planets go round the sun.
Venus orbits the sun.
Flowers bloom in the spring.
Sound travels al 332 metres per second.
My father never gets up late
I have breakfast al eight o’clock.
The Prime Minister always addresses parliament on Tuesday.
I don’t smoke.
They never take their holidays in the summer.
· Se foloseste uneori in istorisirea de povesti sau glume despre trecut
Ex: I walk into the shop and ask for the ring and the woman behind the counter tells me they’re closed!
· Se foloseste in comentarii cand se descrie scurte actiuni indeplinite cum au fost descrise
Ex: So, now I break the egg, add it to the other ingredients and put the mixture in the pan.
· Se poate folosi la exprimarea viitorului cand se refera la un timp anume
Ex: Our bus arrives at 11.15 on Wednesday morning.
Our plane leaves at 6 am tomorrow morning.
The film starts al 8 pm.
School starts again next Monday.
· Se poate folosi dupa if, when, until, as soon as, before, after, cand o alta parte a propozitiei indica viitorul
Ex: We’ll have plenty of time for lunch if the train arrives on time.
When you get here, we’ll visit the museum.

PRESENT CONTINUOUS
· se foloseste cand se vorbeste despre actiuni ce se petrec in acel moment
Hi! What are you two doing?
Nothing really. We’re just talking.
· se foloseste cand se vorbeste despre actiuni dintr-un prezent mai lung(dar tot temporal)
Ex: Are you doing anything interesting these days?
Yes. I’m learning to drive.
· pentru situati care se schimba
Ex: Your English is improving!
· pentru a te plange despre o situatie temporala
Ex: You’re eating my ice cream!
· chiar si despre obiceiuri folosindu-se mereu “always”
Ex: My sister’s always wearing my clothes!
· unele verbe (stative verbs) nu sunt folosite in mod normal in forma continua
Ex: That soup smells great!
I think he’s a composer.
Vb: appear, seem, believe, realise, suppose, think, recognise, understand, know, remember, see (=understand) dislike, hate, prefer, love, like, want, wish hear, sound, smell, taste own, possess, belong, include, need, owe mean, matter, surprise
Totusi unele dintre acestea pot fi folosite intr-un sens diferit ce verbe de actiune. Atunci pot lua forma continua
Ex: Why are you smelling your food? Is something wrong?
Be quiet a minute, I’m thinking!
· se foloseste pt viitor cand se vorbeste despre aranjamente fixe din viitor(in general nu se poate folosi pentru a inlocui “will”
Ex: Are you meeting the director tomorrow?
Yes. I’m seeing him at 11 o’clock.



PAST SIMPLE


· se foloseste pentru actiuni ce au avut loc in trecut la un moment determinat
Ex: France won the World Cup in 1998.
· in special pentru o serie de actiuni terminate
Ex: The girl walked out of the house, got into the car and drove off.
· sau pentru actiuni repetate
Ex: She stopped three times for petrol and arrived in Vienna 24 hours later.
· Trecutul este fie indicat (1998) fie sugerat (at the time of the story/ at the time we’re talking about)
Adv: two days ago, last week, yesterday

PAST CONTINUOUS


· Se foloseste pentru a descrie o scena din trecut
Ex: We were late and when we got there people were talking, drinking and eating, and some were dancing to the band, which was playing a tango.
· Se foloseste cand se vorbeste despre ceva care s-a intamplat deja la un moment din trecut
Ex: At eight o’clock last night, I was watching Tv.
· Se foloseste in situatii intrerupte de past simple
Ex: The old miner was looking for water when he saw the gold.
· Observati diferentele dintre: When I got there, Mary was leaving (ea era pe punctul de a pleca oricum) si When I got there, Mary left (a plecat dupa ce am venit, din cauza mea)





THE FUTURE
· WILL Se foloseste „will” pentru viitor in general si mai ales pentru o predictii
Ex: You’ll love Budapest! o promisiuni
Ex: I won’t tell anyone your secret o oferte
Ex: We’ll help you with the washing up, Mum. o cereri
Ex: Will you give me a ride to school tomorrow?
· GOING TO o Se foloseste „GOING TO” pentru a vorbe despre
· planuri
Ex: My brother’s going to visit London soon.
· intentii
Ex: I’m going to buy that magazine.
· Atunci cand sunt prezente dovezi ale unei predictii
Ex: We’re on the last lap and Schumacher’s going to win the Hungarian Grand Prix! o De cele mai multe ori cand going to este folosit cu verbul go verbul este omis.
Ex: I’m going (to go) for a ride. Do you want to come? o Observati diferentele dintre intentiile si deciziile luate in acel moment
I’m going to have lunch at the cafeteria.
Good idea! I think I’ll come with you.
· PRESENT CONTINUOUS o Se foloseste present continuous sa se vorbeasca despre argumente fixe din viitor.
Ex: Are you meeting the director tomorrow?
Yes. I’m seeing him at 11 o’clock. o In general nu se poate folosi present continuous in loc de will.
Ex: It’ll be cold tomorrow.
She will be twenty on 3rd May.
He won’t expect that!
· PRESENT SIMPLE o Se foloseste present simple pentru a vorbi despre un orar cu referire la viitor
Ex: Our bus arrives at 11.15 on Wednesday morning. o Se mai poate folosi Present simple dupa if, when, until, as soon as, before, after, cand o alta parte a propozitiei indica viitorul
Ex: We’ll have plenty of time for lunch if the train arrives on time.
When you get here, we’ll visit the museum.
· FUTURE CONTINUOUS o Se foloseste future continuous pentru a vorbi despre actiuni care se vor intampla la un moment din viitor
Ex: In three hours’ time, I’ll be relaxing in the cafeteria with a cup of coffee. o Se mai poate folosi future continuous in mod similar cam se foloseste present continuous pentru viitor dar cu mai mult accent pe elementul de viitor
Ex: We’ve enjoyed our stay and we’ll be coming back again next year. o Se mai poate folosi si cum present continuous nu poate pentru a da ideea unui eveniment ce este repetat in viitor
Ex: He’ll be meeting a lot of different people in his new job.
· FUTURE PERFECT SIMPLE/ CONTINUOUS o Se foloseste future perfect simple sau continuous pentru ideea ca ceva va fi terminat intr-un moment al viitorului.
Ex: You’ll have eaten all the biscuits before the guests arrive if you don’t stop.
By the next month we’ll have been living here for ten years. o Poate fi folosit in legatura cu un lucru din viitor in acelasi fel cum prezent perfect poate fi folosit pentru o perioada pana si ce poate include si prezentul. Se foloseste deseori „by”.
By the time I’m 30, I will have spent more than four years watching television.
By the year 2020, we will have used 80% of the world’s oil. o Intamplarile din viitor care nu sunt prea sigure, asa ca acest timp este folosit dupa think, hope, expect, etc:
I think I will have finished my homework by seven o’clock.
I expect we will have started a new book by this time next year.
I hope I will have found a job by the time I leave school.








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